Alcohol and drug use exists on a spectrum that traverses from social, experimental or short-term use that does not cause harm to chronic, dependent abuse of substances that has potential to cause serious and damaging consequences.
An addiction does not form overnight. It is the result of a prolonged process or progression of repeated and growing dependence and overuse that gradually changes how an individual views their alcohol or drug use, along with the demonstrated changes to behavior, habits and conduct.
Loved ones and those in close daily contact are in the best position to gauge changes in behaviors, physical attributes and attitudes that are a result of someone who has shifted into increasingly dangerous zones because of substance abuse that might require intervention or treatment. Addiction is a disease that can be treated, and recognizing the warning signs or red flags can make all the difference in helping a loved one receive the help they need.
- Consuming more alcohol to achieve desired sense of euphoria or relief of stress
- Increase in taking more medication to relieve pain or deal with anxiety
- Mood swings
- Unexplained change in personality or attitude
- Sleeping patterns
- Irritability, depression, anxiety
- Eating habits
- Lack of motivation
- Marked or unexplained changes in appearance
- Sudden weight loss or gain
- Inertia or dullness
- Poor hygiene
- Bloodshot or glassy eyes
- Frequent bouts of nausea, vomiting, flu-type symptoms
- Shakes or tremors
- Increased fighting or problems at work
- Loss of interest in family or friends
- Isolation or distancing behavior
- Changes to group and individual relationships that foster alcohol and drug use
- Avoiding familiar and close friends to diminish or hide substance use
- Lack of participation in hobbies or activities once enjoyed by the individual
- Increased debt
- Loss of income from work
- Additional legal or healthcare fees associated with substance use
- Stealing money
- Driving under the influence
- Frequenting unsafe places
Many of these warning signs are commonly linked, and the degree of intensity may vary depending on how long alcohol or drug dependence has been taking place. If you recognize that your loved one is no longer able to control consumption or is experiencing increased negative behavioral, physical or social problems, it may be time to research treatment options to discuss and explore with your family member or close friend.
You may encounter resistance, but initiating dialogue may well open the door to solutions that bring relief and remedy for a loved one’s issue with substance use disorder.
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